South Korea

South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea and often referred to as Korea, is a country in East Asia, located on the southern half of the Korean Peninsula.

Also known as the "Land of the Morning Calm", it is neighbored by China to the west, Japan to the east, and North Korea to the north.

Its capital is Seoul, the second largest metropolitan city in the world and a major global city. South Korea lies in a temperate climate region with a predominantly mountainous terrain.

Its territory covers a total area of 100,032 square kilometers and has a population of over 48 million, making it one of the most densely populated regions in the world.